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Dispute Timeline

  • 1763
  • Treaty of Paris

    1763

  • 1786
  • The London Convention

    1786

  • 1802
  • Amiens Treaty

    1802

  • 1821
  • Declared Independence

    September 15, 1821

    Guatemala declared independence from Spain
  • 1850
  • Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

    April 19, 1850

    The U.S. and U.K. signed the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty to determine limits of their respective influences in Central America.

  • 1856
  • The Dallas-Clarendon Treaty

    October 17, 1856

    The United States and the United Kingdom sign the Dallas-Clarendon Treaty to affirm US and British interests in Central America

  • 1859
  • Aycinena-Wyke Treaty

    April 30, 1859

    Guatemala and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Aycinena-Wyke relative to the boundaries of British Honduras

  • 1931
  • Exchange of Notes

    August 25, 1931 - August 26, 1931

    The United States and the United Kingdom sign the Dallas-Clarendon Treaty to affirm US and British interests in Central America

  • 1946
  • Aycinena-Wyke Treaty Expiration Date Declared

    April 9, 1946

    Guatemala declared the definitive legal expiration of the Treaty of Aycinena-Wyke

  • 1948
  • OAS Created

    April 30, 1948

    The Organization of American States is created

  • Guatemala Joins the OAS

    April 30, 1948

    Guatemala becomes a member of the Organization of American States

  • 1965
  • Webster's Proposal to UK and Guatemala

    1965

    Webster’s Mediation Proposal to the United Kingdom and Guatemala


  • 1968
  • The Webster Proposals

    April 29, 1968

  • 1972
  • OAS Resolution

    April 21, 1972

    Strengthening of the Principles of Nonintervention and the Self-determination of Peoples and Measures to Guarantee their Observance


    Resolution: English | Español
  • 1975
  • UNGA resolution 34/32

    December 8, 1975

    UNGA resolution 34/32 (XXX) of December 8, 1975

  • 1977
  • UNGA resolution 32/32

    December 8, 1975

    UNGA Resolution 32/32 (XXXII) of 1977

  • 1978
  • OAS Resolution on the Americas

    July 1, 1978

    Information on constitutional evolution of the nonautonomous territories in the American Hemisphere and other territories in the Americas having ties with countries outside the Hemisphere


    Resolution: English | Español
  • UNGA resolution 33/36

    December 13, 1978

    UNGA Resolution 33/36 of 1978

  • 1979
  • Adopted OAS Resolution on the Americas

    October 31, 1979

    Information on the constitutional evolution of the nonautonomous territories in the American Hemisphere and other territories in the Americas having ties with countries outside the Hemisphere (Resolution adopted at the twelfth plenary session held on October 31, 1979)


    Resolution: English | Español
  • Declaration of La Paz

    October 31, 1979

    OAS Resolution / Declaracion de la Paz


    Declaration: English | Español
  • UNGA Resolution 34/38

    November 21, 1979

    UNGA Resolution 34/38 of 1979

  • 1980
  • OAS Resolution 501

    November 27, 1980

    OAS Resolution / Declaracion de la Paz


    Resolution: English | Español
  • 1981
  • Belize Independence

    September 21, 1981

    The United Kingdom official grants Belize Independence

  • Belize joins the UN

    September 25, 1981

    Belize becomes a member of the United Nations

  • 1990
  • Points of Concurrence of Roatan

    July 09, 1990

  • Draft Treaty between Guatemala and Belize for Land Boundaries

    1990

    Draft General Treaty of Settlement of Land and Maritime Boundaries of Related Matters between Belize and Guatemala

  • OAS Document CP/RES

    December 20, 1990

    OAS Document CP/RES. (839/90) Request of Belize for admission to Membership in the Organization of American States (Resolution adopted on 20 Dec. 1990)

  • 1991
  • Belize Joins the OAS

    January 8, 1991

    Belize becomes a member of the Organization of American States

  • Guatemala Recognizes

    August 14, 1991

    Guatemala recognizes Belizeans’ right to self-determination

  • Government of Guatemala Recognizes Belize Independence

    September 5, 1991

    Statement of the Government of Guatemala recognizing the Independence of Belize

  • Guatemala and Belize Relations

    September 11, 1991

    Guatemala and Belize establish diplomatic relations, and Guatemala recognizes the independence and sovereignty of the State of Belize

  • Joint Communiqué of Belize and Guatemala

    September 16, 1991

    Joint Communiqué of the Governments of Belize and Guatemala

  • 1992
  • Guatemala Recognizes Belize Independence

    1992

    The Constitutional Tribunal of Guatemala recognizes and accepts the legality of the government’s decision to recognize the independence and the sovereignty of the state of Belize

  • Said Musa's Statement

    April 3, 1992

    Statement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belize, Said Musa

  • 1994
  • Note from Belize’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs

    March 22, 1994

    Diplomatic Note from Belize’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dean O. Barrow, to the United Nations Secretary General, Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, responding to Guatemala´s Minister of Foreign Affairs

  • 1999
  • Guatemala's Note to Belize

    October 18, 1999

  • Belize Response to Guatemala's Note

    December 14, 1999

  • 2000
  • Belize - Guatemala Resume Territorial Differendum

    March 9, 2000

    The Governments of Belize and Guatemala agree to resume talks on their territorial differendum under the auspices of the Organization of American States


    Documents: English | Español
  • Belize - Guatemala Technical Meeting

    March 14, 2000

    A technical meeting is held between Delegations from Belize and Guatemala


    Documents: English | Español
  • Facilitators Terms of Reference

    May 15, 2000

  • Letter from Belize PM to Guatemala

    June 8, 2000

    A letter from the Prime Minister of Belize is sent to Guatemala explaining the position of Belize

  • Confidence Building Measures

    July 17, 2000 to July 20, 2000


    Documents: English | Español
    Press Release: English | Español
  • Joint Communiqué

    August 31, 2000


    Documents: English | Español
    Panel of Facilitators installed: English | Español
  • Agreement of Confidence

    November 8, 2000


    Documents: English | Español
    Press Release: English | Español
  • Belize Maritime Areas Act

    December 31, 2000

  • 2001
  • Belize and Guatemala agree to plan of Action

    January 16-17, 2001

  • Pan-American Institute of Geography and History

    February 6, 2001

  • Belize and Guatemala meeting

    January 16-17, 2001


    Press Release English | Español
    Panel of Facilitators English | Español
    Agreement on Procedures Download
  • International Organization for Migration Adjacency Zone Census

    February 19, 2001

  • Belize and Guatemala agree to plan of Action

    January 16-17, 2001

  • Guatemala’s presentation to the Panel of Facilitators

    March 30, 2001

  • Letter from the Facilitators of the Belize and Guatemala Differendum to the Mixed Commission on Confidence Building Measures

    April 25, 2001

  • Belize’s response to Guatemala’s Statement of March 30, 2001

    April 30, 2001

  • Guatemala’s Rejoinder to Belize’s Note

    May 15,2001

  • Oral Presentation Made by Belize In response to Guatemala’s Territorial Claim

    May 21-22,2001

  • Belize and Guatemala receive Recommendations from the Facilitators

    July 18, 2001

  • Ministerial Meeting between Belize & Guatemala Reaches Positive Results

    December 18, 2001


    Press Release English | Español
  • 2002
  • The International Organization of Migration releases a census of the Adjacency Zone

    May 9, 2002

  • Belize and Guatemala hold a Ministerial Meeting

    June 3, 2001


    Press Release English | Español
  • High level Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet

    August 30, 2002

    High level Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet at the Headquarters of the OAS in Washington D.C with the aim to continue the facilitation process


    Press Release English | Español
  • The Secretary General of the OAS presents Completed Proposals to the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Belize and Guatemala

    September 17, 2002


    Press Release English | Español
  • Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet at OAS Headquarters with the Panel of Facilitators

    September 30, 2002


    Press Release English | Español
  • Belize and Guatemala Process

    November 5, 2002


    Press Release English | Español
  • 2003
  • Belize and Guatemala sign an Agreement to Establish a Transition Process and Confidence Building Measures

    February 7, 2003


    Documents: English | Español

    Press Release English | Español

    The Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala is created under the Confidence Building Measures Agreement

    Download Document | Group of Friends
  • A resolution is presented by the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States supporting a pacific solution to the Belize-Guatemala territorial differendum

    February 12, 2003

  • Establishment of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    May 30, 2003

  • Group of Friends Letter Including Sweden

    June 23, 2003

  • The Office of the General Secretariat of the OAS in the Belize-Guatemala Adjacency Zone is opened

    July 1, 2003

  • Guatemala Rejects the Proposal of the Panel of Facilitators

    August 25, 2003

  • A meeting is convened with Belize and Guatemala at the Headquarters of the OAS

    October 7, 2003

    A meeting is convened with Belize and Guatemala at the Headquarters of the OAS to review the Confidence Building Measures of February 7th and to announce the first meeting of the Group of Friends


    Press Release English | Español
  • The First Community Resettlement project is presented

    Decemember 5, 2003

  • 2004
  • The Ministers of Foreign Affairs from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Secretary General of the OAS

    May 3, 2004

    The Ministers of Foreign Affairs from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Secretary General of the OAS to continue deliberations aimed at reaching a just, equitable and permanent solution to the territorial differendum between the two countries


    Press Release English | Español
  • Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Assistant Secretary General of the OAS

    February 12, 2004

    Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Assistant Secretary General of the OAS to discuss the establishment of a Joint Commission that would examine a comprehensive list of new confidence building measures


    Press Release English | Español
  • 2005
  • Belize and Guatemala sign an Agreement on a Negotiation Framework and Confidence-Building Measures

    September 7, 2005


    Documents: English | Español

    Press Release English | Español
  • Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Assistant Secretary General of the OAS

    February 12, 2003

    Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Assistant Secretary General of the OAS to discuss the establishment of a Joint Commission that would examine a comprehensive list of new confidence building measures


    Press Release English | Español
  • Meeting of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    February 12, 2005

  • The First Negotiating Session at the ministerial level is held in San Pedro, Belize

    November 14-15, 2005

  • 2006
  • Belize and Guatemala agree to the OAS Secretary General’s Proposal to begin the Negotiation Process on Maritime Issues

    February 10, 2006


    Press Release English | Español
  • Sports delegations between Belize and Guatemala help strengthen relations

    June 18, 2003


    Documents: English | Español
  • Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Secretary General at the OAS

    September 26, 2006

    Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Secretary General at the OAS to discuss progress made in fulfilling the Agreement on a Framework for Negotiations and Confidence-Building Measures between the two countries


    Press Release: English | Español
  • Meeting of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    December 12, 2006

  • 2007
  • Delegations from Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras meet at the OAS

    April 16, 2007

    Delegations from Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras meet at the OAS to discuss the Process of Maritime Negotiations


    Press Release English | Español
  • The Secretary General of the OAS presents a Recommendation

    November 19, 2007

    The Secretary General of the OAS presents a Recommendation to submit the Belize-Guatemala Territorial Dispute to the International Court of Justice


    Documents: English | Español
  • Guatemala Accepts the Secretary General’s Recommendation to submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice

    December 17, 2007

  • 2008
  • The Santa Rosa Community Resettlement Project concludes

    April 21, 2008

  • Belize accepts the Secretary General’s Recommendation to submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice

    May 29, 2008

  • The new Guatemalan Government reaffirms its acceptance of the Secretary General’s recommendations

    June 16, 2008

  • The First meeting to negotiate the Special Agreement between Belize and Guatemala is held at OAS Headquarters

    July 29-30, 2008

  • The Third Meeting to negotiate the Special Agreement between Belize and Guatemala is held at OAS Headquarters

    August 27-29, 2008


    Documents: English | Español
  • The Foreign Ministers of Belize and Guatemala signed, at OAS headquarters

    December 8, 2008

    The Foreign Ministers of Belize and Guatemala signed, at OAS headquarters, the “Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit the territorial, insular and maritime claim of Guatemala to the International Court of Justice.”


    Joint Declaration: English | Español

    Speech of the Secretary General of the OAS, José Miguel Insulza, at the Signing of the Special Agreement

    Document

    “Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit the territorial, insular and maritime claim of Guatemala to the International Court of Justice.” (December 2008)

    Documents: English | Español

    Guatemala and Belize sign historic agreement on territorial differendum

    Links: English | Español
  • 2009
  • OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza chairs a meeting of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    February 25, 2009

  • A Technical Meeting between Belize and Guatemala takes place in Santa Elena, Guatemala

    December 8, 2009

  • Following a high level meeting between OAS Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza and Foreign Ministers Harold Rodas and Wilfred Elrington, of Guatemala and Belize

    December 16-17, 2009

    Following a high level meeting between OAS Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza and Foreign Ministers Harold Rodas and Wilfred Elrington, of Guatemala and Belize respectively, the Belize-Guatemala High Level Working Group was created. Its purpose was set to promote a direct and continuous line of communication between both Parties


    Press Release: English | Español
  • 2010
  • The First Meeting of the High Level Working Group takes place in Belize City, Belize

    March 9, 2010

  • 2011
  • Meeting of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    May 5, 2011

  • A Ministerial Meeting is held between Belize and Guatemala at OAS Headquarters

    November 28, 2011


    Joint Communique: English | Español
  • 2012
  • The Foreign Minister and Defense Minster of Guatemala visit the OAS Adjacency Zone Office

    January 25, 2012

  • Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Secretary General of the OAS

    April 12, 2012

    Delegations from Belize and Guatemala meet with the Secretary General of the OAS to establish the date for the simultaneous referenda

  • The Canadian Minister of State of Foreign Affairs (Americas and Consular Affairs) visits the OAS Adjacency Zone Office

    October 13, 2012

  • Belize and Guatemala present their Information Campaign Strategies to the Group of Friends

    October 22, 2012


    Belize Information Campaign Strategy: Document

    Guatemala Information Campaign Strategy: Document
  • 2013
  • The OAS Secretary General meets with the Foreign Minister of Belize

    January 25, 2013

    The OAS Secretary General meets with the Foreign Minister of Belize to discuss recent developments in resolving the territorial differendum between Belize and Guatemala

  • Uruguay Becomes a Member of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    March 4, 2013

  • A Vice-Ministerial Meeting between Belize and Guatemala is held at the Headquarters of the OAS

    March 17, 2013

  • Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Belize and Guatemala Agree on Next Steps in Negotiation Process

    March 30, 2013

  • Resettlement of the Retiro I and Zapote II communities

    March 30, 2013

  • Guatemala suspends the October 6th simultaneous referendum to submit the dispute to the ICJ

    April 22, 2013

  • The Secretary General of the OAS meets with the Foreign Ministers of Belize and Guatemala to discuss next steps in the negotiation process

    May 8, 2013

  • Electoral Authorities of Belize and Guatemala meet to strengthen bilateral cooperation

    October 6, 2013


    Press Release: English | Español
  • Meeting of the Chambers of Commerce of Isabel, Guatemala and Toledo Belize

    October 12, 2013

  • Inter-Parliamentary Meeting between Belize and Guatemala

    October 14, 2013

  • Quarterly Meeting of the Armies

    November 13, 2013

  • 2014
  • Foreign Ministers Meet

    January 9, 2014

    The Foreign Ministers of Belize and Guatemala meet to enhance the implementation of the CBMs and strengthen the bilateral relationship


    Joint Comminique English | Español
  • High Level Meeting at the Deputy Foreign Minister Level

    January 17, 2014

    Deputy Foreign Ministers of Belize (CEO) and Guatemala meet at the OAS Office in the Adjacency Zone to draft the Road Map Agreement that the respective Foreign Ministers will sign on January 24th at OAS Headquarters with the OAS Secretary General.

  • Belize and Guatemala Agree on POA

    January 24, 2014

    Belize and Guatemala Agree on Plan of Action to Strengthen Relations with the Support of the OAS


    Press Release English | Español
    Road Map for the strengthening of the bilateral relations in 2014, January 24, 2014 English | Español
    Plan of action for 2014, January 24, 2014 English | Español
  • First Meeting of the Belize-Guatemala Joint Commission

    February 10th, 2014 to February 11, 2014

    First Meeting of the Belize-Guatemala Joint Commission Punta Gorda, Belize.

  • Belize-Guatemala Administrative Commission

    February 28, 2014

  • Joint Belize-Guatemala Press Release

    March 30, 2014

    The Governments of Belize and of Guatemala expressed their deep regret at the death of a Guatemalan national, resident of the village of San Marcos, Municipality of Dolores, Department of Peten, Guatemala that occurred in the Chiquibul Reserve, Belize, in an incident involving the Belize Defence Force.

  • Adoption of Resolution AG/CG/doc

    June 5, 2014

    Adoption of Resolution AG/CG/doc. (XLIV-O/14)5 >> REV. 1 Fund for Peace: Peaceful Settlement of Territorial Disputes (Presented by Belize and Guatemala) General Assembly of the OAS Asunción, Paraguay

  • Technical Meetings of the Joint Commission

    August 31, 2014

    Technical Meetings of the Joint Commission Chaa, Creek, Belize

  • Meeting of the Joint Commission

    September 1, 2014 to September 4, 2014

    Meeting of the Joint Commission Guacamayas Reserve, Paso Caballos, Guatemala

  • Meeting of the Joint Commission

    September 12, 2014 to September 13, 2014

    Meeting of the Joint Commission San Pedro, Belize

  • Meeting of Security Agencies of Belize and Guatemala

    October 10, 2014

    Meeting of Security Agencies of Belize and Guatemala Adoption of Three Key Agreements Guatemala City, Guatemala

  • Meeting of the Joint Commission in Atigua

    November 10, 2014

    Following the framework of the Road Map Agreement, a Meeting of the Joint Commission took place in Antigua, from the 10th to the 16th of November, 2014.

    Agreement English | Español
  • EU Befriends Belize and Guatemala

    December 8, 2014

    The European Union becomes a member of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

  • Technical Meeting of the Joint Commission

    December 8, 2014 to December 9, 2014

    Technical Meeting of the Joint Commission Washington, D.C.

  • Congressional Guatemalan Delegation visits Belize

    December 10, 2014 to December 12, 2014

    Congressional Guatemalan Delegation visits Belize San Pedro, Belize

  • Historic Step taken in Belize-Guatemala Process

    December 17, 2014

    Historic Step taken in Belize-Guatemala Process. OAS Secretary General Attends Signing of 13 Agreements.

  • 2015
  • Belize and Guatemala sign Protocol to Special Agreement

    May 25, 2015

    Belize and Guatemala sign Protocol to Special Agreement, Guatemala City


    Protocol to Amend the Special Agreement, May 25, 2015 English / Español
  • Belize and Guatemala sign cooperation Agreement

    December 9, 2015

    Chambers of Commerce of Belize and Guatemala sign cooperation Agreement to further strengthen ties


    Cooperation Agreement between the Chambers of Commerce of Belize and Guatemala English | Espanol
  • 2016
  • Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Belize and Guatemala Meet

    January 22, 2016

    The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Belize and Guatemala meet at the OAS/AZ Office

  • OAS Secretary General Visits Belize

    April 19, 2016 April 21, 2016

  • The OAS Secretary General appoints new Special Representative for Belize-Guatemala Affairs

    April 20, 2016

    The OAS Secretary General appoints his new Special Representative for Belize-Guatemala Affairs, the first woman to hold this position in the history of the Organization.

  • 2017
  • Secretary General Luis Almagro visits Guatemala and Belize

    March 15, 2017 to March 16, 2017

    Secretary General Luis Almagro visited Guatemala and Belize and met with the respective Foreign Ministers, His Excellency Carlos Raúl Morales and the Honorable Wilfred Elrington.

  • 2018
  • Permanent Council Meeting

    January 31, 2018

    Special Meeting of the Permanent Council on Belize-Guatemala Process.


    REPORT TO THE PERMANENT COUNCIL ON THE FUND FOR PEACE, PURSUANT TO RESOLUTION 781 (1257/00) (March 1, 2011 – September 30, 2017) English | Español
  • Meeting of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    January 31, 2018

  • Reactivation of the Belize – Guatemala Joint Commission

    March 14, 2018

    Reactivation of the Belize – Guatemala Joint Commission as established under the Framework Agreement on Confidence Building Measures of 2005.

  • Meeting of the Group of Friends of Belize and Guatemala

    June 5, 2018